SAND 2011-5054W

/Tag:SAND 2011-5054W

Materials & Components Compatibility

The materials and components compatibility program element applies Sandia’s core capability in hydrogen embrittlement to address fundamental questions about the mechanical behavior of materials when exposed to high-pressure gaseous hydrogen. The cornerstone of Sandia’s core capability in hydrogen embrittlement is the Hydrogen Effects on Materials Laboratory where specialized assets reside for conducting mechanical testing of [...]

By | June 12th, 2014|Comments Off on Materials & Components Compatibility

Thermochemical Conversion

Thermochemical conversion of biomass to fuels has become increasingly important as climate and energy security issues challenge our dependence on conventional energy sources. Sandia provides the enabling science and engineering basis for the next generation of thermochemical platform technologies for biomass to fungible fuels and power.  Thermochemical fuels research expertise includes biomass pre-treatment, fast-pyrolysis, char [...]

By | April 27th, 2011|Comments Off on Thermochemical Conversion

Microalgae

Advanced biofuels derived from microalgae at the commercial scale could meet, depending on productivity, the transportation fuel needs of the entire United States using a relatively small land area as compared to that required by lignocellulosic fuels. Microalgae consume CO2 as a nutrient, can be grown with impaired (e.g., brackish) water sources on land that does [...]

By | April 27th, 2011|Comments Off on Microalgae

Lignocellulosic Biomass

Lignocellulosic biomass is one of the most abundant plants on Earth and is a critical feedstock for the production of renewable fuels. Lignocellulose is a mixture of complex sugars and lignin, a non-carbohydrate polymer that provides strength and structure to plant cell walls. By extracting simple fermentable sugars from lignocellulose and producing biofuels, the [...]

By | April 26th, 2011|Comments Off on Lignocellulosic Biomass

Nuclear Energy

Our nuclear energy and fuel cycle technologies supports the safe, secure, reliable, and sustainable use of nuclear power worldwide through strengths in repository science, nonproliferation, safety and security, transportation, modeling, and system demonstrations. Areas of Expertise Defense Waste Management Sandia advises the U.S. Department [...]

By | November 10th, 2010|Comments Off on Nuclear Energy

Hydrogen

Providing the Science and Engineering to Accelerate the Deployment of Clean and Efficient Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies. About the Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Hydrogen and fuel cell technologies for vehicle, stationary, and portable poser applications are critical for realizing  a clean and secure energy future. Sandia’s [...]

By | November 9th, 2010|Comments Off on Hydrogen

Co-Evolution of Biofuels

This program includes the development of thermochemical and biochemical conversion technologies routes to efficiently generate renewable biofuels from two primary feedstock types – lignocellulose and microalgae. Both of these feedstocks have significant promise in terms of displacing fossil fuels, but significant challenges remain that require further research and development. Co-evolution of Biofuels and Engines [...]

By | November 9th, 2010|Comments Off on Co-Evolution of Biofuels

Predictive Simulation of Engines

Focus areas for predictive simulation of advanced engines: Couple state-of-the-art Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) and optical engine experiments to provide significantly enhanced quantitative information and understanding. Spray modeling and experimentation in dense spray and nozzle internal flow regions, including physics like cavitation and flash boiling Spray Combustion Consortium (SCC) The Combustion Research Facility [...]

By | November 9th, 2010|Comments Off on Predictive Simulation of Engines

Stationary Power

Stationary Power Our work in stationary power includes the deployment of clean electricity, which requires integration with a modernized grid infrastructure, and enhancements in energy efficiency as a direct influence on energy productivity and economic competitiveness. Energy Conversion Efficiency High-efficiency conversion of low and  zero-carbon energy sources to electricity Grid [...]

By | November 4th, 2010|Comments Off on Stationary Power