Wind Publications

Journal Articles

FY22

Brown, K. A., and T. G. Herges, “High-fidelity retrieval from instantaneous line-of-sight returns of nacelle-mounted lidar including supervised machine learning,” Germany. https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-15-7211-2022.

Brown, K., D. Houck, D. C. Maniaci, and C. Westergaard, “Accelerated Wind-Turbine Wake Recovery Through Actuation of the Tip-Vortex Instability,” AIAA Journal, (Feb. 11, 2022): https://doi.org/10.2514/1.J060772.

Camarena, E., E. Anderson, J. Paquette, P. Bortolotti, R. Feil, and N. Johnson, “Land-based wind turbines with flexible rail transportable blades – Part II: 3D FEM design optimization of the rotor blades,” Wind Energy Science, (2022): https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-7-19-2022.

Devin, M., C. N. Mendoza, J. Jonkman, A. Platt, K. Moore, and B. L. Ennis, “Enabling Offshore Floating VAWT Design through Coupling OWENS and OpenFAST,” Energies. 2023. https://doi.org/10.3390/en16052462.

Ennis, B. L., H. S. Perez, and R. E. Norris, “Identification of the Optimal Carbon Fiber Shape for Cost-Specific Compressive Performance,” Materials Today Communications, (2022): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtcomm.2022.104298.

Hsieh, A. S., K. A. Brown, N. B. deVelder, T. G. Herges, R. C. Knaus, P. J. Sakievich, L. C. Cheung, B. C. Houchens, M. L. Blaylock, and D. C. Maniaci, “High-fidelity wind farm simulation methodology with experimental validation,” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, (2021): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jweia.2021.104754.

Mertz, B., P. Bortolotti, N. J. Abbas, N. Johnson, J. Paquette, and W. Jordan, “Leading Edge Microspoilers for Load Dumping in Wind Turbine Rotors,” Journal of Physics (2022): https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/2265/3/032024/meta.

Moore, K. R. and Ennis, B. L., “Aeroelastic Validation of the Offshore Wind Energy Simulator for Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines,” Wind Energ. Sci. Discuss., (2022): https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2022-91.

Naughton, B., B. Houchens, B. Summerville, T. Jimenez, R. Preus, D. Reen, J. Gentle and E. Lang, “Design Guidelines for Deployable Wind Turbines for Defense and Disaster Response Missions,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2022): https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/2265/4/042074.

Raghukumar, K., C. Chartrand, G. Chang, L. Cheung, and J. Roberts, “Effect of Floating Offshore Wind Turbines on Atmospheric Circulation in California,” Frontiers in Energy Research (June 2022): https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2022.863995.

Veers, Paul, C. L. Bottasso, L. Manuel, J. Naughton, L. Pao, J. Paquette, A. Robertson, M. Robinson, S. Ananthan, A. Barlas, A. Bianchini, H. Bredmose, S. González Horcas, J. Keller, H. A. Madsen, J. Manwell, P. Moriarty, S. Nolet, and J. Rinker, “Grand Challenges in the Design, Manufacture, and Operation of Future Wind Turbine Systems,” Wind Energy Science (2022). https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2022-32.

Williams, M. J., N. Tilles, J. Paquette, D. Samborsky, and P. Clem, “Effects of Lightning on Pultruded Carbon Fiber Wind Blades,” Journal of Physics (2022): https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/2265/2/022080.

Young, J., D. Wilson, W. Weaver, and R. Robinett III, “A Well-Conditioned Collocation Method for Optimal Control,” SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, (Aug. 2022): https://doi.org/10.1137/130922409.

Zhang, Z., C. Santoni, T. Herges, F. Sotiropoulos, and A. Khosronejad, “Time-Averaged Wind Turbine Wake Flow Field Prediction Using Autoencoder Convolutional Neural Networks,” Energies 15 no. 1, (2022): https://doi.org/10.3390/en15010041.

FY21

Anderson, E., B. Gunawan, J. Nicholas, B. Hernandez-Sanchez, “A Multicontinuum Theory Based Approach to the Analysis of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites with Degraded Stiffness and Strength Properties Due to Moisture Absorption,” J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 11 (2023): 421. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse11020421.

Bortolotti, P., N. Johnson, N. Abbas, E. Anderson, E. Camarena, J. Paquette, “Land-based wind turbines with flexible rail transportable blades – Part I: Conceptual design and aeroservoelastic performance,” Wind Energy Science, (2022): https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-6-1277-2021.

Camarena, E., E. Anderson, J. Paquette, P. Bortolotti, R. Feil, and N. Johnson, “Land-based wind turbines with flexible rail transportable blades – Part II: 3D FEM design optimization of the rotor blades,” Wind Energy Science, (2022): https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-7-19-2022.

Camarena, E., R. J. Clarke, and B. L. Ennis, “Development of a compressive failure model for carbon fiber composites and associated uncertainties,” Composites Science and Technology, 211, (2021): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2021.108855.

Ennis, B. L., H. S. Perez and R. E. Norris, “Identification of the Optimal Carbon Fiber Shape for Cost-Specific Compressive Performance,” 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1887408.

Houck, D. R., “Wake Management Techniques for Wind Turbines,” Wind Energy, (2021): https://doi.org/10.1002/we.2668.

Moore, K .R., and B. L. Ennis, “Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Steady and Unsteady Aerodynamics for Curved Deforming Blades.” AIAA Journal. (Aug. 2021): https://doi.org/10.2514/1.J060476.

FY20

Camarena, E., E. Anderson, J. Paquette, “Low-specific power onshore wind turbines with rail transportable blades – Part II: Detailed structural analysis and cost comparison,” Wind Energy Science. (forthcoming).

Doubrawa, Paula, Eliot W. Quon, Luis A. Martinez-Tossas, Kelsey Shaler, Mithu Debnath, Nicholas Hamilton, Thomas G. Herges, Dave Maniaci, Christopher L. Kelley, Alan S. Hsieh, Myra Blaylock, Paul van der Laan, Søren Juhl Andersen, Sonja Krueger, Marie Cathelain, Wolfgang Schlez, Jason Jonkman, Emmanuel Branlard, Gerald Steinfeld, Sascha Schmidt, Frédéric Blondel, Laura J. Lukassen, and Patrick Moriarty, “Multimodel validation of single wakes in neutral and stratified atmospheric conditions,” Wind Energy, 23 no. 11, (2020): 2027-2055. https://doi.org/10.1002/we.2543.

Houck, D. R., “Review of Wake Management Techniques for Wind Turbines,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, (2020). https://doi.org/10.1002/we.2668.

Hsieh, A., K. Brown, N. deVelder, T. Herges, R. Knaus, P. Sakievich, L. Cheung, B. Houchens, M. Blaylock, D. Maniaci, “High-Fidelity Wind Farm Simulation Methodology with Experimental Validation,” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, (2020). https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1827603.

Yang, Xiaolei, Daniel Foti, Christopher Kelley, David Maniaci, and Fotis Sotiropoulos, “Wake Statistics of Different-Scale Wind Turbines under Turbulent Boundary Layer Inflow,” Energies 13 no. 11, (2020): 3004. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13113004.

Conference Papers and Proceedings

FY22

Blaylock, M., B. Houchens, L. Cheung, P. Sakievich, A. Hsieh, D. C. Maniaci, and L. A. Martinez-Tossas. “Validation of actuator line and actuator disk models with filtered lifting line corrections implemented in Nalu-Wind large eddy simulations of the atmospheric boundary layer.” AIAA SciTech 2022, San Diego, California, USA, Jan. 2022. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1845887.

Brown, K., N. deVelder, C. Kelley, P. Bortolotti, D. Zalkind, E. Branlard, J. Jonkman, P. Doubrawa, and M. Thulke. “Turbulent Inflow Data Assimilation with a 2.8 MW Wind Turbine to Validate Aeroservoelastic Modeling Techniques.” NAWEA/WindTech 2022, Newark, Delaware, USA, Sept. 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2005309.

Brown, K. and T. Herges. “High-Fidelity Retrieval of Instantaneous Line-of-Sight Returns from Nacelle-Mounted Lidar including Supervised Machine Learning.” NAWEA/WindTech 2022, Newark, Delaware, USA, Sept. 20 – 22, 2022. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1905349.

Cheung, L. C., M. L. Blaylock, K. A. Brown, J. Cutler, N. B. deVelder, T. G. Herges, A. S. Hsieh, and D. C. Maniaci. “Comparison of simulated and measured wake behavior in stable and neutral atmospheric conditions.” AIAA SciTech 2022, San Diego, California, USA, Jan. 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2001547.

Cheung, L., K. Brown, D. Houck, N. deVelder, and N. Hamilton. “Application of parallel-flow linear stability theory to wind turbine wakes with implications for active wake control.” NAWEA/WindTech 2022, Newark, Delaware, USA, Sept. 20 – 22, 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2005231.

Darbali-Zamora, R., S. T. Ojetola, F. Wilches-Bernal, and J. C. Berg. “Development of a Wind Turbine Generator Volt-Var Curve Control for Voltage Regulation in Grid Connected Systems.” 54th IEEE North American Power Symposium (NAPS), Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, Oct. 9 – 11, 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2004066.

Debnath, M., A. K. Scholbrock, D. Zalkind, P. Moriarty, E. Simley, N. Hamilton, C. Ivanov, R. S. Arthur, R. Barthelmie, N. Bodini, A. Brewer, L. Goldberger, T. Herges, B. Hirth, G. V. Lungo, D. Jager, C. Kaul, P. Klein, R. Krishnamurthy, S. Letizia, J. K. Lundquist, D. Maniaci, R. Newsom, M. Pekour, S. C. Pryor, M. T. Ritsche, J. Roadman, J. Schroeder, W. J. Shaw, J. Van Dam, and S. Wharton. “Design of the American Wake Experiment (AWAKEN) field campaign.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy23osti/82128.pdf.

Farrell, W., T. Herges, D. Maniaci, and K. Brown. “Wake state estimation of downwind turbines using recurrent neural networks for inverse dynamics modelling.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2003095.

Hamilton, N., K. Brown, A. Scholbrock, and P. Doubrawa. “Largescale photogrammetry and blade aeroelastic response in the RAAW project.” NAWEA/WindTech 2022, Newark, Delaware, USA, Sept. 20 – 22, 2022.

Herges, T., J. Paquette, and C. Kelley. “National Rotor Testbed Strain Gauge Calibration and Compensation Process.” NAWEA/WindTech 2022, Newark, Delaware, USA, Sept. 20 – 22, 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2004799.

Houck, D. and N. deVelder. “Novel, Nacelle-mounted spire for accelerated wind turbine wake decay.” AIAA SciTech 2022, San Diego, California, USA, Jan. 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1906636.

Houck, D. R., N. deVelder, and C. L. Kelley. “Comparison of a mid-fidelity free vortex wake method to a high-fidelity actuator line model large eddy simulation for wind turbine wake simulations.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, June 3 – 5, 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1862674.

Houck, D. R., T. G. Herges, A. S. Hsieh, N. B. deVelder, and L. A. Martinez. “A hub-mounted SpinnerLidar for the RAAW experiment: Design, progress, and anticipated analyses.” NAWEA WindTech Conference 2022, Newark, Delaware, USA, Sept. 20 – 22, 2022.

Hsieh, A., M. Blaylock, L. Cheung, T. Herges, N. deVelder, K. Brown, and D. Maniaci. “Effects of Stability on Blockage in LES Simulations.” NAWEA/WindTech 2022, Newark, Delaware, USA, Sept. 20 – 22, 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2004742.

Kelley, C., J. Naughton, and P. Doubrawa. “Rotor Aerodynamics, Aeroelastics, and Wake Project Overview.” NAWEA/WindTech 2022, Newark, Delaware, USA, Sept. 20 – 22, 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2004712.

Menhorn, F., G. Geraci, D. T. Seidl, R. N. King, M. S. Eldred, H. -J. Bungartz, and Y. M. Marzouk. “Multilevel Monte Carlo derivative-free optimization under uncertainty of wind power plants.” ECCOMAS Congress 2022, Oslo, Norway, June 5 – 9, 2022. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/2003512.

Naughton, B., B. Houchens, B. Summerville, T. Jimenez, R. Preus, D. Reen, J. Gentle, and E. Lang. “Design Guidelines for Deployable Wind Turbines for Defense and Disaster Response Missions.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2022. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/2265/4/042074/meta.

North Piegan III, G. E., R. Darbali-Zamora, and J. C. Berg. “Development and Validation of a Wind Turbine Generator Simulation Model.” 54th IEEE North American Power Symposium (NAPS), Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, Oct. 9 – 11, 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2004065.

Ojetola, S. T., R. Darbali-Zamora, and F. Wilches-Bernal. “An Advanced Voltage Regulation Control for Distributed Wind Turbine Generators.” 14th IEEE North American Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT) Conference, Jan. 16 – 19, 2023. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/10066390/.

Paquette, J. “Leading Edge Erosion: Quantifying Impacts of Performance and Reliability.” EPRI Wind and Solar Innovation Workshop, July 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2004117.

Paquette, J. “Wind Turbine Blade Inspection Techniques.” ESIG O & M Users Group Fall Meeting, 2022.

Ryan, J. C., and B. L. Ennis. “Accurate Modeling of Material Nonlinearities in a Wind Turbine Spar Cap.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2022. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/2001643.

Vijayakumar, G., A. S. Hsieh, and N. B. deVelder. “Estimation of polars using ExaWind for modern wind turbine airfoils.” NAWEA/WindTech 2022, Newark, Delaware, USA, Sept. 20 – 22, 2022.

Wilches-Bernal, F., R. Darbali-Zamora, B. T. Naughton, and J. D. Flicker. “Model Characterization and Frequency Regulation in Wind-Diesel Hybrid Microgrids.” 54th IEEE North American Power Symposium (NAPS), Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, Oct. 9 – 11, 2022. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/10012223.

Young, J., D. Wilson, W. Weaver, and R. Robinett. “The Optimal Control with Implicit Phase Coordination of a Collective of Wind Turbines.” Energynautics 21st Wind & Solar Integration Workshop, The Hauge, Netherlands, Oct. 12 – 14, 2022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2004539.

FY21

Anderson, E., “Investigation of Spatial Smoothing Techniques Applied to Design Variables in Structural Optimization Problems.” Wind Energy Science Conference 2021, Hannover, Germany (Virtual Event), May 25-28, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1870753.

Blaylock, M., L. A. Martinez-Tossas, P. Sakievich, B. Houchens, A. Hsieh, D. Maniaci, and M. Churchfield. “Comparison of Actuator Line Model and a Filtered Lifting Line Correction Implemented in Nalu Wind Large Eddy Simulations of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer.” Wind Energy Science Conference 2021, Hannover, Germany (Virtual Event), May 25-28, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1870579.

Brown, K., D. Houck, D. C. Maniaci, and C. Westergaard. “Rapidly Recovering Wind Turbine Wakes with Dynamic Pitch and Rotor Speed Control.” AIAA Scitech 2021 Forum (Virtual Event), Jan. 11-15 and 19-21, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1837805.

Brown, K., T. Herges, and D. Maniaci. “Ensemble neural networks for postprocessing contaminated Doppler LiDAR spectra to improve wind turbine wake diagnostics.” Sandia Machine Learning and Deep Learning Conference 2021 (Virtual Event), July 19, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1883468.

Brown, K., N. deVelder, D. Houck, D. Maniaci, C. Westergaard, L. Cheung, J. Cutler, and C. Kelley. “Towards Periodic Blade Pitching to Increase Deep Array Power in Wind Plants.” Wind Energy Science Conference 2021, Hannover, Germany (Virtual Event), May 25-28, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1870978.

Brown, K., T. Herges, L. Cheung, M. Blaylock, A. Hsieh, and D. Maniaci. “Towards Higher-Order Validation Methodology for Actuator Line LES Near-Wake Predictions using Nacelle-Mounted LiDAR Measurements.” Wind Energy Science Conference 2021, Hannover, Germany (Virtual Event), May 25-28, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1882335.

Cheung, L., M. J. Brazell, A. Hsieh, S. Ananthan, G. Vijayakumar and N. deVelder. “Computation and comparison of the stable Northeastern US marine boundary layer.” AIAA Scitech 2021 Forum (Virtual Event), Nashville, TN, USA, Jan. 11-15, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1835973.

Clarke, R., and J. Paquette. “Understanding the Uncertainty in Static Strength Predictions of Composite Laminates in Wind Blades.” Wind Energy Science Conference 2021, Hannover, Germany (Virtual Event), May 25-28, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1870357.

Darbali-Zamora, R., F. Wilches-Bernal, and B. Naughton. “Configurable Microgrid Modelling with Multiple Distributed Energy Resources for Dynamic System Analysis.” 2021 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM), Washington, DC, USA, July 26-29 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1884173.

deVelder, N. and A. Hsieh. “Lead-in Refinement Length Effects on Actuator Line Model Quantities.” Wind Energy Science Conference 2021, Hannover, Germany (Virtual Event), May 25-28, 2021.

Dowden, K., J. Paquette, D. Maniaci, and A. Hsieh. “Effect of Leading Edge Erosion on Wind Turbine Performance from Simulation and Field Data.” AIAA Scitech 2021 Forum (Virtual Event), Nashville, TN, USA, Jan. 11-15, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1836890.

Houchens, B. C., D. Marian, S. Pol, and C. Westergaard. “Pilot-scale Performance of AeroMINE at low wind speeds.” Wind Energy Science Conference 2021, Hannover, Germany (Virtual Event), May 25-28, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1870762.

Hsieh, A. S., D. C. Maniaci, G. Geraci. “Multifidelity Uncertainty Quantification of Wind Turbine Interaction Using Enhanced Nalu-Wind Actuator Simulations.” AIAA Scitech 2021 Forum (Virtual Event), Nashville, TN, USA, Jan. 11-15, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1836180.

Hsieh, A., D. Maniaci, G. Geraci, D. T. Seidl, T. Herges, K. Brown, and J. Cutler. “Application of Multilevel-Multifidelity Uncertainty Quantification Towards Multi-turbine Interaction and Wake Characterization.” Wind Energy Science Conference 2021, Hannover, Germany (Virtual Event), May 25-28, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1870979.

Krath, E. H., B. Houchens, D. Marian, S. Pol, and C. Westergaard. “Multivariate Design and Optimization of AeroMINE Internal Turbine Blade.” AIAA Propulsion and Energy 2021 Forum, (Virtual Event), Aug. 9-11, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1882285.

Maniaci, D., K. Dowden, J. Paquette, R. Davies, and A. Hsieh. “Performance Impact of Leading Edge Erosion from Simulation and Field Data.” Wind Energy Science Conference 2021, Hannover, Germany (Virtual Event), May 25-28, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1870754.

Maniaci, D. M., K. R. Dowden, J. A. Paquette, and A. Hsieh. “Power performance effect of leading edge erosion from simulation and field data.” 2nd International Symposium on Leading Edge Erosion of Wind Turbine Blades, (Virtual Event), Feb. 2-4, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1844467.

Mertz, B., J. Paquette, N., Johnson. “Low-Fidelity Modeling of Active Flow Control Devices for Wind Turbine Applications.” Wind Energy Science Conference 2021, Hannover, Germany (Virtual Event), May 25-28, 2021.

Moore, K. and B. Ennis. “Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Steady and Unsteady Aerodynamics for Curved Deforming Blades.” AIAA Scitech 2021 Forum (Virtual Event), Nashville, TN, USA, Jan. 11-15, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1877526.

Naughton, B. “Deployable Wind Turbines for Resilient Operations.” Resilience Week 2020 (Virtual Symposium), Oct. 19-23, 2020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1826982.

Naughton, B. “Deployable Wind Turbines to Enhance Contingency Base Resilience.” Defense TechConnect Summit 2020 (Virtual Event), National Harbor, Washington, DC, USA, Nov. 16-19, 2020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1829223.

Paquette, J., and C. Kelley. “Preliminary Design of a Bi-Wing Wind Blade with Partial Span Pitch Control.” Wind Energy Science Conference 2021, Hannover, Germany (Virtual Event), May 25-28, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1870756.

Paquette, J. “Blades Global 2021: Erosion.” Blades Global 2021 virtual conference, March 10, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1877843#:~:text=Average%20tip%20speed%20in%20the,rates%20drive%20the%20damage%20mechanisms.

Riley, T. G. “Sandia National Labs Scaled Wind Farm Technology (SWiFT) Facility – Navigating Safely into the 2020s.” American Clean Power O&M and Safety Virtual Summit, Aug. 23-25, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1884075.

Riley, T. G., “Evolution of safety management within the Scaled Wind Farm Technology (SWiFT) Facility Program.” 38th International System Safety Conference, (Virtual Event), Oct. 27, 2020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1826431.

Seidl, D. T., G. Gianluca, R. King, F. Menhorn, and A. Glaws. “Multifidelity Strategies for OUU of Wind Power Plants.” AIAA Scitech 2021 Forum (Virtual Event), Nashville, TN, USA, Jan. 11-15, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1836901.

Williams, M., J. Paquette, J. Tilles, and P. Clem. “Effects of Lightning Damage on Carbon Fiber in Wind Blades.” Wind Energy Science Conference 2021, Hannover, Germany (Virtual Event), May 25-28, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/2003322.

Young, J., W. W. Weaver, D. G. Wilson, and R. D. Robinett III. “The Optimal Control of Type-4 Wind Turbines Connected to an Electric Microgrid.” 20th Wind Integration Workshop, International Workshop on Large-Scale Integration of Wind Power into Power Systems as well as on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Power Plants (Virtual Event), Berlin, Germany, Sept. 29-30, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1883043.

Weaver, W. W., D. G. Wilson, R. D. Robinett III, and J. Young. “DC Bus Collection of Type-4 Wind Turbine Farms with Phasing Control to Minimize Energy Storage.” 20th Wind Integration Workshop, International Workshop on Large- Scale Integration of Wind Power into Power Systems as well as on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Power Plants (Virtual Event) Berlin, Germany, Sept. 29-30, 2021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1886759.

FY20

Brown, Kenneth, and Thomas Herges. “Residual uncertainty in processed line-of-sight returns from nacelle-mounted lidar due to spectral artifacts.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1618 no. 3, (2020). IOP Publishing, Torque 2020, Virtual Conference, Sept. 30-Oct. 2, 2020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1804637.

Brown, Kenneth, Alan Hsieh, Thomas Herges, and David Maniaci. “Representation of coherent structures and turbulence spectra from a virtual SpinnerLidar for future LES wake validation.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1618 no. 3, (2020). IOP Publishing, Torque 2020, Virtual Conference, Sept. 30-Oct. 2, 2020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1804638.

Cheung, L. C., C. M. Kaul, A. S. Hsieh, M. L. Blaylock, and M. J. Churchfield. “Large-eddy simulations of the Northeastern US coastal marine boundary layer.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1618 no. 6, (2020). IOP Publishing. Torque 2020, Virtual Conference, Sept. 30-Oct. 2, 2020. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1687361.

Conti, Davide, Nikolay Dimitrov, Alfredo Pena, and Thomas Herges. “Wind turbine wake characterization using the Spinner Lidar measurements.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1618 no. 6. (2020). IOP Publishing. Torque 2020, Virtual Conference, Sept. 30-Oct. 2, 2020. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1618/6/062040.

Ennis, B. L.. “An Engineering Judgment and Systems Engineering Perspective from Sandia’s Floating Offshore VAWT Project.” Wind Energy Systems Engineering Workshop, Pamplona, Spain, Oct. 2019. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1646053.

Ennis, B. L.. “Evaluation of Novel, Low-Cost Carbon Fiber Materials for use in Wind Turbine Blade Design, Carbon Fiber Conference.” Pre-Conference Seminar, Knoxville, TN, USA, Nov. 19, 2019. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1643489.

Hsieh, Alan, David Maniaci, Thomas Herges, Gianluca Geraci, Tom Seidl, Michael Eldred, Myra Blaylock, and Brent Houchens. “Multilevel Uncertainty Quantification Using CFD and OpenFAST Simulations of the SWiFT Facility.” AIAA SciTech 2020, Orlando, Florida, Jan. 6-10, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2020-1949.

Herges, Thomas, C. Kelley, A. Hsieh, K. Brown, D. Maniaci and J. Naughton. “Quantification of rotor thrust and momentum deficit evolution in the wake using Nalu-Wind simulations.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1618 no. 6, (2020). IOP Publishing. Torque 2020, Virtual Conference, Sept. 30-Oct. 2, 2020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1804989.

Karlson, Ben. “Travis Air Force Base Pilot Mitigation Project.” Poster presentation at the AWEA Siting and Environmental Compliance Virtual Summit, Sept. 30 – Oct. 2, 2020.

Kelley, C. L., and J. Paquette. “Investigation of flutter for large, highly flexible wind turbine blades.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1618 no. 5, IOP Publishing, 2020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1822116.

King, Ryan, Andrew Glaws, Gianluca Geraci, and Michael S. Eldred. “A Probabilistic Approach to Estimating Wind Farm Annual Energy Production with Bayesian Quadrature.” AIAA SciTech 2020 Forum, Orlando, Florida, USA, Jan. 6 – 10, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2020-1951.

Maniaci, David, C. Westergaard, A. S. Hsieh, and J. Paquette. “Uncertainty Quantification of Leading Edge Erosion Impacts on Wind Turbine Performance.” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1618, 052082, IOP Publishing, 2020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1804645.

Menhorn, Friedrich, Gianluca Geraci, Daniel T. Seidl, Michael S. Eldred, Ryan King, Hans-Joachim Bungartz, and Youssef Marzouk. “Higher moment multilevel estimators for optimization under uncertainty applied to wind plant design.” AIAA SciTech 2020 Forum, Orlando, Florida, USA, Jan. 6 -10, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2020-1952.

Seidl, Daniel T., Geraci Gianluca, Ryan King, Friedrich Menhorn, Andrew Glaws, and Michael S. Eldred. “Multifidelity strategies for forward and inverse uncertainty quantification of wind energy applications.” AIAA SciTech 2020 Forum, Orlando, Florida, USA, Jan. 6 -10, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2020-1950.

Reports

FY22

Berg, J. C., B. T. Naughton, and R. Darbali-Zamora, Distributed Energy Technology Laboratory Wind Turbine Emulator Design Documentation (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2022-16344, 2022). https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1899657.

Bidadi, S., M. Brazell, N. Brunhart-Lupo, M. T. Henry de Frahan, D. H. Lee, J. Hu, J. Melvin, P. Mullowney, G. Vijayakumar, R. D. Moser, J. Rood, P. Sakievich, A. Sharma, A. Williams, M. A. Sprague, Demonstrate multi-turbine simulation with hybrid-structured / unstructured-moving-grid software stack running primarily on GPUs and propose improvements for successful KPP-2 (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2022-13899R, 2022). https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1891592.

Camarena, E., E. Anderson, K. Ruehl, R. J. Clarke, J. Paquette, and B. L. Ennis, NuMAD v3.0 (3.0), Zenodo [code], 2022. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5851606.

Crozier, P., C. Adcock, S. Ananthan, L. Berger-Vergiat, M. Brazell, N. Brunhart-Lupo, M. T. Henry de Frahan, J. Hu, R. Knaus, J. Melvin, B. Moser, P. Mullowney, J. Rood, A. Sharma, S. Thomas, G. Vijayakumar, A. Williams, R. Wilson, I. Yamazaki, M. A. Sprague, Harnessing exascale for whole wind farm high-fidelity simulations to improve wind farm efficiency (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2021-14238C, 2022). https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1897371.

Ennis, B., and K. Moore, OWENS Brandmark 1-Pager (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2022-6856M, 2022).

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Wind Turbine Generator Impacts to Marine Vessel Radar. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. 2022. https://doi.org/10.17226/26430.

Naughton, B., T. Jimenez, R. Preus, B. Summerville, B. Whipple, D. Reen, J. Gentle, and E. Lang, Design Guidelines for Deployable Wind Turbines for Military Operational Energy Applications (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2021-14581 R, 2022). https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1876561.

Naughton, B., Deployable Wind-Hybrid Power Systems for Defense and Disaster Response Applications (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2021-14967, 2022). https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1832973.

Sprague, M. A., S. Ananthan, R. Binyahib, M. Brazell, M. Henry de Frahan, R. King, P. Mullowney, J. Rood, A. Sharma, S. Thomas, G. Vijayakumar, P. Crozier, L. Berger-Vergiat, L. Cheung, D. Dement, N. de Velder, D. Glaze, J. Hu, R. Knaus, D. Lee, N. Matula, T. Okusanya, J. Overfelt, S. Rajamanickam, P. Sakievich, T. Smith, J. Vo, A. Williams, I. Yamazaki, J. Turner, A. Prokopenko, R. Wilson, R. Moser, J. Melvin, ExaWind: Exascale Predictive Wind Plant Flow Physics Modeling (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2022-5239C, 2022). https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1764343.

Wilson, D., et al., Wind Farm Plant Control Architecture for Efficient ESS Utilization for Quality Power Grid Delivery (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, 2022). (forthcoming).

FY21

Houchens, B. and E. Krath, AeroMINE Pilot-scale Design and Field Tests (Livermore, CA: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2021-11450, 2021).

Houck, D., N. deVelder, and J. Cutler, Nacelle mounted spire for accelerated wind turbine wake decay and increased wind farm power density (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2021-11295R, 2021).

Lusty, A., D. Cairns, and J. Paquette, Alternative Damage Tolerant Materials for Wind Turbine Blades: An Overview (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2021-12461, 2021). https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1825355.

Johnson, N., J. Paquette, P. Bortolotti, M. Bolinger, E. Camarena, E. Anderson, and B. Ennis, BAR Phase I Final Report (Golden, CO: NREL, 2021).

Naughton, B., Deployable Wind-Hybrid Power Systems for Defense and Disaster Response Applications (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2021-14967, Nov. 2021). https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1832973.

Naughton, B., T. Jiminez, R. Preus, B. Summerville, B. Whipple, D. Reen, J. Gentle, and E. Lang, Design Guidelines for Deployable Wind Turbines for Military Operational Energy Applications (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2021-14581R, Nov. 2021). https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1876561.

Reilly, J., J. Gentle, A. Orrell, and B. Naughton, Microgrids, Infrastructure Resilience, and Advanced Controls Launchpad (MIRACL): Use Cases and Definitions (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, Technical Report NREL/TP-7A40-76918, Feb. 2021). https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1769821.

FY20

Crocker, Dylan A., Wind Turbine Lightning Mitigation System Radar Cross-Section Reduction (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2020-9460, 2020). https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1664639.

Ennis, B. L., C. K. Kelley, B. T. Naughton, R. E. Norris, S. Das, D. Lee, and D. A. Miller, Optimized Carbon Fiber Composites in Wind Turbine Blade Design (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2019-14173, 2019). https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1562792.

Maniaci, David, Matthew Barone, Srinivasan Arunajatesan, Patrick Moriarty, Matthew Churchfield, Michael Sprague, Wind Energy High-Fidelity Model Verification and Validation Roadmap (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2020-1332, 2020). https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1634281.

Naughton, Brian Thomas, Samuel Gilletly, Tamara Brown, Chris Kelley, Computational analysis of deployable wind turbine systems in defense operational energy applications (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2020-8846, 2020). https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1658438.

Naughton, Brian Thomas, Robert Preus, Tony Jiminez, Brad Whipple, Jake Gentle, Market Opportunities for Deployable Wind Systems for Defense and Disaster Response (Albuquerque, NM: Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2020-1517, 2020). https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1634278.

Sanghvi, A., B. Naughton, C. Glenn, J. Gentle, J. Johnson, J. Stoddard, J. White, N. Hilbert, S. Freeman, S. Hansen, and S. Sheng, “Roadmap for Wind Cybersecurity,” US DOE EERE Report, July 2020. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1647705.