Combustion Research Facility

/Tag:Combustion Research Facility

Low-­Temperature Combustion Enables Cleaner, More Efficient Engines

  Using new optical-diagnostic techniques, Sandia combustion researcher Mark Musculus and his colleagues identified the sources of key pollutants from LTC engines. Understanding how LTC works as a combustion technique may lead to broader use of cleaner diesel engines. (Photo by Dino Vournas) Combustion Research Facility lead author, Mark Musculus, along with Sandia [...]

By | 2016-12-02T18:48:51+00:00 September 10th, 2013|CRF, Energy, Facilities, News, News & Events, Sensors & Optical Diagnostics, Transportation Energy|Comments Off on Low-­Temperature Combustion Enables Cleaner, More Efficient Engines

Sandia, SRI International Sign Pact to Advance Hydrogen and Natural Gas Research for Transportation

The Livermore Valley Open Campus at the juncture of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Sandia-California. Sandia and SRI International, an independent research and innovation center, will join forces to explore, test, and evaluate a broad range of hydrogen and natural gas fuel systems and components for transportation applications under a new agreement. The five-year [...]

By | 2016-12-02T18:48:52+00:00 August 28th, 2013|Center for Infrastructure Research and Innovation (CIRI), CRF, Energy, Facilities, Livermore Valley Open Campus (LVOC), News, News & Events, Systems Analysis, Transportation Energy|Comments Off on Sandia, SRI International Sign Pact to Advance Hydrogen and Natural Gas Research for Transportation

CRF Researchers Measure Reaction Rates of Second Key Atmospheric Component

Researchers at Sandia’s Combustion Research Facility, the University of Manchester, Bristol University, University of Southampton, and Hong Kong Polytechnic have successfully measured reaction rates of a second Criegee intermediate, CH3CHOO, and proven that the reactivity of the atmospheric chemical depends strongly on which way the molecule is twisted. The measurements will provide further insight into [...]

By | 2016-12-02T18:48:59+00:00 May 1st, 2013|Analysis, Capabilities, Climate, CRF, Energy, Facilities, Global Climate & Energy, Modeling & Analysis, News, News & Events, Office of Science, Research & Capabilities, Sensing & Monitoring, Transportation Energy|Comments Off on CRF Researchers Measure Reaction Rates of Second Key Atmospheric Component

Cellular Membrane Bending by Protein-Protein Crowding

Cellular membranes are made up of lipid bilayers that can be highly curved, an essential feature critical for processes such as endocytosis, organelle synthesis, cell division, and intracellular transport. Current understanding suggests that specialized proteins are responsible for membrane curvature through two mechanisms. Mechanisms causing membrane curvature. Membrane scaffolding by proteins or complexes [...]

By | 2015-05-11T21:04:47+00:00 March 7th, 2013|Biofuels, Biomass, CRF, Energy, Facilities, News, News & Events, Office of Science, Renewable Energy, Research & Capabilities, Transportation Energy|Comments Off on Cellular Membrane Bending by Protein-Protein Crowding

Measurements of Thermal Stratification in a Homogenous Charge Compression Ignition Engine

Schematic of the optically accessible HCCI research engine. Homogenous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines use fuel mixed with a substantial amount of excess air or recirculated exhaust gas that is compressed in the combustion chamber until it autoignites. The resulting combustion is a flameless and low-temperature burn that consumes less fuel than traditional [...]

By | 2016-12-02T18:49:03+00:00 February 27th, 2013|CRF, Energy, Facilities, News, News & Events, Partnership, Research & Capabilities, Sensors & Optical Diagnostics, Transportation Energy|Comments Off on Measurements of Thermal Stratification in a Homogenous Charge Compression Ignition Engine

CRF Researchers Awarded David A. Shirley Award for Outstanding Scientific Achievement

The David A. Shirley Award was presented to Carl Percival (University of Manchester), Dudley Shallcross [(University of Bristol) not pictured], and Craig Taatjes and David Osborn (Sandia). Craig Taatjes and David Osborn (both in 8353), along with collaborators at the universities of Manchester and Bristol, were given this LBNL Advanced Light Source (ALS) [...]

By | 2015-05-11T20:56:12+00:00 February 27th, 2013|CRF, Energy, Facilities, News, News & Events, Office of Science, Research & Capabilities, Transportation Energy|Comments Off on CRF Researchers Awarded David A. Shirley Award for Outstanding Scientific Achievement

CRF Researchers answer Alan Alda’s Flame Challenge

Last month, Alan Alda posed a challenge to scientists and researchers in Science magazine: Can you explain what a flame is in a way that 11-year-olds will understand? Entries could take any shape–prose, poetry, videos, cartoons and more! CRF researchers Guilhem Lazare, Judit Zador, and Jens Prager got together to answer the challenge with their [...]

By | 2016-12-02T18:49:15+00:00 April 10th, 2012|CRF, Energy, Facilities, News, Transportation Energy|Comments Off on CRF Researchers answer Alan Alda’s Flame Challenge

Sandia Researchers, UK Partners Publish Groundbreaking Work on Criegee Intermediates in Science Magazine

In a breakthrough paper published in the January 13, 2012, issue of Science magazine, researchers from Sandia’s Combustion Research Facility, the University of Manchester, and Bristol University report direct measurements of reactions of a gas-phase Criegee intermediate using photoionization mass spectrometry. (Click here to see a short video of Sandia combustion chemists discussing the [...]

By | 2016-12-02T18:49:17+00:00 January 13th, 2012|CRF, Energy, News, News & Events, Transportation Energy|Comments Off on Sandia Researchers, UK Partners Publish Groundbreaking Work on Criegee Intermediates in Science Magazine

Thermochemical Conversion

Thermochemical conversion of biomass to fuels has become increasingly important as climate and energy security issues challenge our dependence on conventional energy sources. Sandia provides the enabling science and engineering basis for the next generation of thermochemical platform technologies for biomass to fungible fuels and power.  Thermochemical fuels research expertise includes biomass pre-treatment, fast-pyrolysis, char [...]

By | 2018-07-25T17:51:41+00:00 April 27th, 2011|Comments Off on Thermochemical Conversion

Microalgae

Advanced biofuels derived from microalgae at the commercial scale could meet, depending on productivity, the transportation fuel needs of the entire United States using a relatively small land area as compared to that required by lignocellulosic fuels. Microalgae consume CO2 as a nutrient, can be grown with impaired (e.g., brackish) water sources on land that does [...]

By | 2018-07-25T17:50:56+00:00 April 27th, 2011|Comments Off on Microalgae