The Lemnos project developed specifications for cyber security in industrial control systems for electricity generation/transmission/distribution and for oil & gas pipelines and refineries. It became the is basis for an IEEE open standard (IEEE Working Group 2030.102).
Sandia has leveraged capabilities to investigate cyber security in the infrastructure world. Sandia is well versed in control-system cyber security and has numerous capabilities and projects that involve cyber security for electric power system control systems. As a national lab, we have access to information about both national security requirements and adversary models that are generally unavailable to private-sector companies.
ANTFARM mapping output. Ant Farm passively maps existing grid control-system networks for vulnerability assessments.
Additionally, Sandia has funds for high-risk, high-reward research projects, world-class research staff with expertise in the appropriate subject matter, and the tools and facilities required for state-of-the-art research activities. Sandia is focused on forward thinking, fundamental, and high-risk research into problem spaces regarding threats, consequences, and impacts in many areas of electric power, including PMUs, DERs, cloud computing, smart meters, programmable-logic controllers, and communications, among others. This translates to some observed future research areas related to control-system honey nets, cloud computing, virtualization, and analytics.