The United States could increase its domestic fuel supplies by 25 billion gallons per year while leveraging the nation’s existing $1 trillion fuel infrastructure according to a Co-Optimization of Fuels & Engines (Co-Optima) report released this week.
The FY17 Year in Review describes recent advances including identification of key properties for new fuels, assessment of compatibility with vehicle components and infrastructure, and expansion of research to encompass solutions for the entire on-road fleet. This Department of Energy effort provides industry with the scientific underpinnings needed to accelerate the introduction of high-performance fuels and engines that reduce energy consumption, improve air quality, and lower drivers’ costs.
The Co-Optima initiative is the first to fully integrate the science and engineering needed to create engines and fuels that work more effectively together. It is projected that this integrated approach could lead to an annual $35 billion in fuel cost savings, increase energy independence with the use of domestic feedstocks for biofuels, and create up to 500,000 new jobs.
Sandia is one of the nine national laboratories collaborating on the project. Sandia contributed to the body of work through its unique optical engine combustion research platforms.
Co-Optima’s key accomplishments in the last year include the following:
- Expanding research to encompass solutions for the entire on-road fleet, from light-duty passenger cars to heavy-duty freight trucks
- Identifying representative blendstocks from five chemical families that provide the key fuel properties needed for high-efficiency SI engines.
- Assessing blendstock compatibility with vehicles and infrastructure
- Completing integrated, systems-level analyses of blendstocks in relation to economic, technological, market, and environmental factors.
Sponsored by DOE’s Vehicle Technologies Office and Bioenergy Technologies Office, Co-Optima partners include the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Argonne, Idaho, Lawrence Berkeley, Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, Pacific Northwest, and Sandia national laboratories.
Learn more about the Co-Optima initiative.