Our nation depends on secure, reliable, sustainable, and cost effective supplies of energy to support economic development and to maintain a high standard of living. The present energy infrastructure was designed to meet
these needs with fossil fuels because their inherent high energy and power densities enable the creation of flexible, adaptive mobile and fixed power supplies with intrinsic
storage and dispatch-ability. These benefits have come at a
cost of high carbon emissions, dependence on foreign petroleum, and low energy source diversification investment. In order to move beyond the present state of an insatiable appetite for fossil fuels and the resulting infrastructure, new concepts, ideas, and technologies will be needed to support the DOE’s National Energy Policy goals.