Sandia is the founder and lead of the Zero Emission Hydrogen Vessel Working Group, a public-private group which meets regularly to share non-competitive information. The main goal of the group is to connect entities to each other and to resources – i.e. funding support, technology and expertise, and regulatory guidance. On-going feedback and results from efforts are shared with the group. The group is also developing a roadmap which will be used as a guide for actions that group members take on, and eventually for advocacy/outreach of group activities. To join the group please contact Joe Pratt.
This study examined the possibility of providing zero emission power to a variety of vessels at berth including this 6,000 TEU containership at the Port of Tacoma (photo: Joe Pratt).
A barge-mounted hydrogen-fueled proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell system has the potential to reduce emissions and fossil fuel use of maritime vessels in and around ports. This study determines the technical feasibility of this concept and examines specific options on the U.S. West Coast for deployment practicality and potential for commercialization. The conceptual design of the system is found to be straightforward and technically feasible in several configurations corresponding to various power levels and run times. The most technically viable and commercially attractive deployment options were found to be powering container ships at berth at the Port of Tacoma and/or Seattle, powering tugs at anchorage near the Port of Oakland, and powering refrigerated containers on-board Hawaiian inter-island transport barges. Other attractive demonstration options were found at the Port of Seattle, the Suisun Bay Reserve Fleet, the California Maritime Academy, and an excursion vessel on the Ohio River.