Lignocellulosic biomass is one of the most abundant plants on Earth and is a critical feedstock for the production of renewable fuels. Lignocellulose is a mixture of complex sugars and lignin, a non-carbohydrate polymer that provides strength and structure to plant cell walls. By extracting simple fermentable sugars from lignocellulose and producing biofuels, the potential of the most energy-efficient and environmentally sustainable non-food feedstock can be realized. Sandia is focused on:
- Advanced technologies that breakdown biomass and liberate sugars that can be converted to biofuels Developing a new tool box to transform intermediaries into fuels.
- Pioneering a new process to convert lignin to renewable fuels and chemicals using ionic liquids Increasing the sugar yields from diverse feedstocks with ionic liquid processing.
- Understanding and developing a wide range of biochemical, chemical and thermochemical approach to depolymerizing lignin to increase its value.
- Lifecycle analysis and techno-economic modeling of biorefineries.