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[title=”2016 Papers and Publications”]

G. T. Klise, J. Balfour, A Best Practice for Developing Availability Guarantee Language in Photovoltaic (PV) O&M Agreements, SAND 2015-10223.

Multi-Objective Advanced Inverter Controls to Dispatch the Real and Reactive Power of Many Distributed PV Systems (1156 downloads) Identification of Periods of Clear Sky Irradiance in Time Series of GHI Measurements (1124 downloads) [title=”2015 Papers and Publications”] Alternatives to the 15% Rule (963 downloads) On Extended-Term Dynamic Simulations with High Penetrations of Photovoltaic Generation (1939 downloads) Root Locus Analysis of the Generic WECC Photovoltaic Power Plant Model (893 downloads) Photovoltaic System Fault Detection and Diagnostics using Laterally Primed Adaptive Resonance Theory Neural Network (1277 downloads) International Development of Energy Storage Interoperability Test Protocols for Photovoltaic Integration (1147 downloads) Estimating Parameters for the PVsyst Version 6 Photovoltaic Module Performance Model (839 downloads) Albedo and Diffuse POA Measurements to Evaluate Transposition Model Uncertainty (1242 downloads) Parameter Estimation for Single Diode Models of Photovoltaic Modules (2151 downloads) Photovoltaic System Modeling: Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analyses (688 downloads) Analysis of Global Horizontal Irradiance in Version 3 of the National Solar Radiation Database (1904 downloads) Distribution System Secondary Circuit Parameter Estimation for Model Calibration (1209 downloads) Precursor Report of Data Needs and Recommended Practices for PV Plant Availability, Operations and Maintenance Reporting (1311 downloads) Endogenous Assessment of the Capacity Value of Solar PV in Generation Investment Planning Studies (1183 downloads) Generic Photovoltaic System Models for WECC – A Status Report (1988 downloads) Generic Wind Turbine Generator Models for WECC – A Second Status Report (1014 downloads) Improved PV Performance Modelling by Combining the PV_LIB Toolbox with the Loss Factors Model (LFM) (1104 downloads) Monitoring Current, Voltage and Power in Photovoltaic Systems (1059 downloads) PVLIB Python 2015 (1004 downloads) Electrical Power System Support-Function Capabilities of Residential and Small Commercial Inverters (1109 downloads) Practical Considerations in Application of Correlation-Based Islanding Detection with Synchrophasors (869 downloads) Technical Evaluation of the 15% of Peak Load PV Interconnection Screen (837 downloads) Maximum PV Size Limited by the Impact to Distribution Protection (851 downloads) In-Situ Module-Level I-V Tracers for Novel PV Monitoring (1248 downloads) PV-Induced Low Voltage and Mitigation Options (1070 downloads) Improving Distribution Network PV Hosting Capacity via Smart Inverter Reactive Power Support (860 downloads) Arc-Fault Unwanted Tripping Survey with UL 1699B-Listed Products (1125 downloads) Comparison of Errors in Solar Power Plant Variability Simulation Methods (1157 downloads) Structured optimization for parameter selection of frequency-watt grid support functions for wide-area damping (1102 downloads) Predicting the spectral effects of soils on high concentrating photovoltaic systems (1029 downloads) Evaluation of Global Horizontal Irradiance to Plane of Array Irradiance Models at Locations across the United States (1256 downloads) A Performance Model for Photovoltaic Modules with Integrated Microinverters (1223 downloads) [title=”2014 Papers and Presentations”] Analysis of 100 SGIP Interconnection Studies (1262 downloads) Correcting Bias in Measured Module Temperature Coefficients (770 downloads) Geographic Smoothing of Irradiance (1966 downloads) Characterizing Local High-frequency Solar Variability for use in Distribution Studies (837 downloads) Evaluation of Irradiance Decomposition and Transposition Models at Locations Across the United States (983 downloads) A Handbook on Artificial Soils for Indoor Photovoltaic Soiling Tests (1398 downloads) Spectral Sensitivity of Simulated Photovoltaic Module Soiling for a Variety of Synthesized Soil Types (1085 downloads) Determination of a Minimum Soiling Level to Affect Photovoltaic Devices (883 downloads) Which Models Matter: Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis for Photovoltaic Power Systems (1091 downloads) Grid Integrated Distributed PV (GridPV) Version 2 (1673 downloads) Structural Code Considerations of Solar Rooftop Installations (1110 downloads) Empirically Derived Strength of Residential Roof Structures for Solar Installations (1372 downloads) Photovoltaic Microinverter Testbed for Multiple Device Interoperability (1393 downloads) PV Reliability Operations and Maintenance (PVROM) Database Initiative: 2014 Progress Report (1338 downloads) Solar PV O&M Standards and Best Practices - Existing Gaps and Improvement Efforts (1326 downloads) Sampling and Filtering in Photovoltaic System Performance Monitoring (2036 downloads) PV Interconnection Risk Analysis through Distribution System Impact Signatures and Feeder Zones (874 downloads) Evaluation of Reactive Power Control Capabilities of Residential PV in an Unbalanced Distribution Feeder (995 downloads) Recommendations for RCD Ground Fault Detector Trip Thresholds (1053 downloads) Collaborative Development Of Automated Advanced Interoperability Certification Test Protocols For PV Smart Grid Integration (1083 downloads) Evaluation Method for Arc Fault Detection Algorithms (1047 downloads) Arc Fault Signal Detection - Fourier Transformation vs. Wavelet Decomposition Techniques using Synthesized Data (969 downloads) Parametric Study of PV Arc-Fault Generation Methods and Analysis of Conducted DC Spectrum (1152 downloads) Characterizing Fire Danger from Low Power PV Arc-Faults (1170 downloads) Recommendations for CSM and Riso Ground Fault Detector Trip Thresholds (1123 downloads) Arc Fault Risk Assessment and Degradation Model Development for Photovoltaic Connectors (1018 downloads) Automating the Sandia Interoperability and Advanced Inverter Test Protocols (2062 downloads) High-Resolution Residential Feeder Load Characterization and Variability Modelling (1157 downloads) Quantifying Photovoltaic Fire Danger Reduction with Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupters (1094 downloads) Introduction to the Open Source PV LIB for Python Photovoltaic System Modelling Package (1140 downloads) Sandia Inverter Performance Test Protocol Efficiency Weighting Alternatives (1020 downloads) CALIBRATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE PERFORMANCE MODELS (1007 downloads) Using XFRACAS as a PVROM (1116 downloads) Market Valuation Perspectives for Photovoltaic Systems (3441 downloads) Measuring PV System Series Resistance Without IV Curves (1151 downloads) Spatial Variations in Temperature across a Photovoltaic Array (1232 downloads) HCPV Characterization: Analysis of Fielded System Data (1226 downloads) Evaluation Method for Arc Fault Detection Algorithms (1083 downloads) Impact of PV Variability and Ramping Events on Distribution Voltage Regulation Equipment (1207 downloads) Analysis of 100 Utility SGIP PV Interconnection Studies (1100 downloads) Determining the Effect of Temperature on Microinverter Inversion Efficiency (1130 downloads) Sun-Relative Pointing for Dual-Axis Solar Trackers Employing Azimuth and Elevation Rotations (1245 downloads) Implementation of Voltage and Frequency Ride-Through Requirements in Distributed Energy Resources Interconnection Standards (1110 downloads) Clustering Method and Representative Feeder Selection for the California Solar Initiative (933 downloads) Experimental Comparison of PV-Smoothing Controllers using Distributed Generators (849 downloads) How PV System Ownership Can Impact the Market Value of Residential Homes (884 downloads) Application and Characterization of an Artificial Grime for Photovoltaic Soiling Studies, Authors: Patrick D. Burton and Bruce H. King (IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, Jan 2014) Locational Dependence of PV Hosting Capacity Correlated with Feeder Load (951 downloads) [title=”2013 Papers and Presentations”] Accelerating Development of Advanced Inverters: Evaluation of Anti-Islanding Schemes with Grid Support Functions and Preliminary Laboratory Demonstration (1567 downloads) Ota City: Characterizing Output Variability from 553 Homes with Residential PV Systems (2032 downloads) High Penetration PV Interconnection Modeling and Reduction of Distribution Feeders (689 downloads) Grid Integrated Distributed PV (GridPV) (1075 downloads) Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis for Photovoltaic System Modeling (1241 downloads) Test Protocols for Advanced Inverter Interoperability Functions – Main Document (938 downloads) Test Protocols for Advanced Inverter Interoperability Functions – Appendices (1071 downloads) OUTDOOR PV PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF THREE DIFFERENT MODELS: SINGLE-DIODE, SAPM AND LOSS FACTOR MODEL (963 downloads) SENSITIVITY OF SINGLE DIODE MODELS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES TO METHOD USED FOR PARAMETER ESTIMATION (1138 downloads) Performance model for Semprius module RDD-MOD-296, PSEL 2941 (929 downloads) Time Series Simulation of Voltage Regulation Device Control Modes (607 downloads) Water Use and Supply Concerns for Utility-Scale Solar Projects in the Southwestern United States (1266 downloads) Reduction of Distribution Feeders for Simplified PV Impact Studies (1929 downloads) Smart Inverter Capabilities for Mitigating Over-Voltage on Distribution Systems with High Penetrations of PV (898 downloads) Simulating Solar Power Plant Variability: A Review of Current Methods (1308 downloads) Integrated Distribution Planning Concept Paper (2345 downloads) Photovoltaic Ground Fault and Blind Spot Electrical Simulations (2539 downloads) Formulating a Simplified Equivalent Representation of Distribution Circuits for PV Impact Studies (975 downloads) USING CLOUD CLASSIFICATION TO MODEL SOLAR VARIABILITY (1114 downloads) Literature Review: Reducing Soft Costs of Rooftop Solar Installations Attributed to Structural Considerations (1081 downloads) Preliminary Photovoltaic Arc-Fault Prognostic Tests using Sacrificial Fiber Optic Cabling (1068 downloads) PV Output Smoothing using a Battery and Natural Gas Engine-Generator (1780 downloads) PV Distribution Interconnection Study Analysis (1030 downloads) Time Series Power Flow Analysis for Distribution Connected PV Generation (1097 downloads) Simulated PV Power Plant Variability: Impact of Utility-imposed Ramp Limitations in Puerto Rico (905 downloads) Performance of Utility Interconnected Photovoltaic Inverters Operating Beyond Typical Modes of Operation (1107 downloads) Failure Analysis and Reliability Model Development for Microsystems-Enabled Photovoltaics (1299 downloads) Reliability Model Development for Photovoltaic Connector Lifetime Prediction Capabilities (1046 downloads) Testing and Characterization of PV Modules with Integrated Microinverters (1002 downloads) PV Microinverter Testbed for Interoperability (1048 downloads) Systems Long Term Exposure Program: Analysis of the First Year of Data (1194 downloads) Accelerated Life Testing of PV Arc-Fault Detectors (1278 downloads) Estimation of Parameters for Single Diode Models Using Measured IV Curves (1024 downloads) Electrical Simulations of Series and Parallel PV Arc-Faults (1279 downloads) Lifetime Testing of Metallized Thin Film Capacitors for Inverter Applications (1165 downloads) Artificial Soiling of Photovoltaic Module Surfaces using Traceable Soil Components (1100 downloads) Clustering Methodology for Classifying Distribution Feeders (1000 downloads) Performance Impact of Solar Gain on Photovoltaic Inverters and Utility-Scale Energy Generation Systems (1113 downloads) Standardizing Appraisals for PV Installations (1692 downloads) [title=”2012 Papers and Presentations”] Sun City Progress Report: Policy Effects on Photovoltaic Adoption for City Planning (921 downloads) The Comparison of Three Photovoltaic System Designs Using the Photovoltaic Reliability and Performance Model (PV-RPM), Authors: Steven P. Miller, Jennifer E. Granata, Joshua S Stein (SAND Report 2012-10342, 3 MB)

Simulation of Photovoltaic Power Output for the Salt River Project Integration Study, Authors: Clifford W. Hansen, Amanda Luketa-Hanlin, Aidan P. Tuohy, Kristen M. Nicole (SAND Report 2012-9920, 5 MB)

Detailed Grid Integration Analysis of Distributed PV (1148 downloads) Solar Energy Grid Integration Systems: Final Report of the Princeton Power Systems Development of the 100kW Demand Response Inverter (3518 downloads) Development of Economically Viable, Highly Integrated, Highly Modular SEGIS Architecture (3254 downloads) Solar Energy Grid Integration Systems: Final Report of the Florida Solar Energy Center Team (12556 downloads) Advanced Energy Industries, Inc. SEGIS Developments (2581 downloads) Review of Existing Reactive Power Requirements for Variable Generation (1766 downloads)

Reactive Power Performance Requirements for Wind and Solar Plants, Authors: A. Ellis, R. Nelson, E. Von Engeln, R. Walling, J. MacDowell, L. Casey, Member, E. Seymour, W. Peter, C. Barker, B. Kirby, J. R. Williams (IEEE PVSC Conference Paper, 0.3 MB)

Reactive Power Interconnection Requirements for PV and Wind Plants Recommendations to NERC (6800 downloads) Harmonized procedures for longterm energy yield measurements and performance evaluation of PV modules in outdoor conditions (940 downloads) Utility-Scale Photovoltaic Procedures and Interconnection Requirements (4913 downloads) Technical Analysis of Prospective Photovoltaic Systems in Utah (908 downloads) Suggested Guidelines for Assessment of DG Unintentional Islanding Risk (1007 downloads)

Validation of Simulated Irradiance and Power for the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study, Phase II, Author: Clifford W. Hansen (SAND Report 2012-8417, 1.45 MB)

PV Output Variability Modeling Using Satellite Imagery and Neural Networks, Authors: Matthew J. Reno, Joshua S. Stein (IEEE PVSC Conference Paper, 0.7 MB)

Analyzing and Simulating the Reduction in PV Powerplant Variability Due to Geographic Smoothing in Ota City, Japan and Alamosa, CO, Authors: Matthew Lave, Joshua S. Stein, Abraham Ellis (IEEE PVSC Conference Paper, 0.7 MB)

Calibration of the Sandia Array Performance Model Using Indoor Measurements, Authors: Clifford W. Hansen, Daniel M. Riley, Manuel Jaramillo (IEEE PVSC Conference Paper, SAND Report 2012-7149C, 0.5 MB)

Photovoltaic Prognostics and Heath Management using Learning Algorithms, Authors: Daniel Riley, Jay Johnson (IEEE PVSC Conference Paper, SAND Report 2012-7148C, 0.7 MB)

Differentiating series and parallel photovoltaic arc-faults, Authors: J. Johnson, M. Montoya, S. McCalmont, G. Katzir, F. Fuks, J. Earle, A. Fresquez, S. Gonzalez, J. Granata (IEEE PVSC Conference Paper, SAND Report 2012-4511C, 1.3 MB)

Crosstalk nuisance trip testing of photovoltaic DC arc-fault detectors, Authors: J. Johnson, C. Oberhauser, M. Montoya, A. Fresquez, S. Gonzalez, A. Patel (IEEE PVSC Conference Paper, 1.2 MB)

The Photovoltaic Performance Modeling Collaborative (PVPMC), Author: Joshua S. Stein (IEEE PVSC Conference Paper, SAND Report 2012-4441C, 0.5 MB)

Improvement and Validation of a Transient Model To Predict Photovoltaic Module Temperature, Authors: Amanda Luketa-Hanlin, Joshua S. Stein (WREF Conference Paper, SAND Report 2012-4307C, 0.5 MB)

Electrical and thermal finite element modeling of arc faults in photovoltaic bypass diodes, Authors: J. Johnson, W. Bower, M.A. Quintana (WREF Conference Paper, SAND Report 2012-2024C1, 0.9 MB)

Modeling Distribution System Impacts of Solar Variability and Interconnection Location, Authors: Matthew J. Reno, Abraham Ellis, Jimmy Quiroz, Santiago Grijalva (WREF Conference Paper, SAND Report 2012-2390C, 0.8 MB)

Effect of Time Averaging on Estimation of Photovoltaic System Performance, Authors: Clifford W. Hansen, Joshua S. Stein (WREF Conference Paper, SAND Report 2012-2388C, 0.1 MB)

The Variability Index: A New and Novel Metric for Quantifying Irradiance and PV Output Variability, Authors: Joshua S. Stein, Clifford W. Hansen, Matthew J. Reno (WREF Conference Paper, SAND Report 2012-2088C1, 0.6 MB)

How Predictable is DNI? (1326 downloads) , Authors: Tobias Gerstmaier, Michael Bührer, Michael Röttger, Andreas Gombert [Soitec Solar GmbH], Clifford W. Hansen, Joshua S. Stein (CPV-8 Conference Paper, SAND Report 2012-3465C, 0.1 MB)

Global Horizontal Irradiance Clear Sky Models: Implementation and Analysis, Authors: Matthew J. Reno, Clifford W. Hansen, Joshua S. Stein (SAND Report 2012-2389, 1 MB)

Sandia’s Photovoltaic Reliability and Performance Model, Authors: Jennifer Granata, Steven Miller, Joshua Stein (PV Rollout Conference Paper, SAND Report 2011-9293C, 0.4 MB)

Effect of Time Scale on Analysis of PV System Performance, Authors: Clifford W. Hansen, Joshua S. Stein, Daniel Riley (SAND Report 2012-1099, 0.43 MB)

Updating Interconnection Screens for PV System Integration, Authors: Abraham Ellis, Roger Hill, Michael Coddington [NREL], Barry Mather [NREL], Benjamin Kroposki [NREL], Kevin Lynn [DOE], Alvin Razon [DOE], Tom Key [Electric Power Research Institute], Kristen Nicole [Electric Power Research Institute], Jeff Smith [Electric Power Research Institute] (Technical Report, NREL/TP-5500-54063, 1.2 MB)

[title=”Archived Papers and Presentations (2011 and earlier)”]Arc-fault detector algorithm evaluation method utilizing prerecorded arcing signatures, Authors: J. Johnson and J. Kang (IEEE PVSC Conference Poster, SAND Report 2010-4485C1, 0.7 MB)

Comparison of a Recurrent Neural Network PV System Model with a Traditional Component-Based PV System Model (1279 downloads) The Effect of Metal Foil Tape Degradation on the Long-term Reliability of PV Modules (2022 downloads) Scalable Micro-grid for a Safe, Secure, Efficient, and Cost-e”ective Electric Power Infrastructure (1042 downloads) Multiple Junction Cell Characterization Using the LBIC Method: Early Results, Issues, and Pathways to Improvement (2222 downloads) Innovative Control of a Flexible Adaptive Energy Grid (958 downloads) Commanding Inverters to Establish Coordinated μGrid Functionality at Sandia National Laboratories (1074 downloads) Crosstalk Nuisance Trip Testing of Photovoltaic DC Arc-Fault Detectors, Authors: Jay Johnson, Chris Oberhauser, Michael Montoya, Armando Fresquez, Sigifredo Gonzalez, Ash Patel (IEEE PVSC Poster, SAND Report 2012-4503C1, 2.09 MB)

SEGIS and the SMART GRID (1929 downloads)

Kauai Island Utility Co-op (KIUC) PV Integration Study, Authors: Tom Mousseau and Abraham Ellis (SAND Report 2011-75411, 2.3 MB)

Multi-PV Inverter Utility Interconnection Evaluations, Authors: Sigifredo Gonzalez, Michael Ropp, Armando Fresquez, Michael Montoya, Nelson Opell (SAND Report, 1.06 MB)

Initial Operating Experience of the 1.2-MW La Ola Photovoltaic System, Authors: Jay Johnson, Benjamin Schenkman, Abraham Ellis, Jimmy Quiroz, Carl Lenox (SAND Report 2011-8848, 3.4 MB)

Ota City: Characterizing Output Variability from 553 Homes with Residential PV Systems on a Distribution Feeder, Authors: Matthew Lave, Joshua S. Stein, Abraham Ellis, Clifford W. Hansen, Eichi Nakashima, Yusuke Miyamoto (SAND Report 2011-90111, 1.6 MB)

Simulation of One-Minute Power Output from Utility-Scale Photovoltaic Generation Systems, Authors: Clifford W. Hansen, Joshua S. Stein, Abraham Ellis (SAND Report 2011-5529, 566 KB)

Photovoltaic DC arc fault detector testing at Sandia National Laboratories, Author: J. Johnson, B. Pahl, C.J. Luebke, T. Pier, T. Miller, J. Strauch, S. Kuszmaul, W. Bower (IEEE PVSC Conference Paper, SAND Report 2011-4234C1, 0.7 MB)

Creating Dynamic Equivalent PV Circuit Models with Impedance Spectroscopy for Arc Fault Modeling, Authors: Jay Johnson, David Schoenwald, Scott Kuszmaul, Jason Strauch, Ward Bower (Technical Paper, 314 KB)

PV Inverter Performance and Reliability: What is the Role of the IGBT?, Authors: Robert Kaplar, Reinhard Brock, Sandeepan DasGupta, Matthew Marinella, Andrew Starbuck, Armando Fresquez, Sigifredo Gonzalez, Jennifer Granata, Michael Quintana, Mark Smith, Stanley Atcitty (Technical Paper, 321 KB)

Ultrathin Flexible Crystalline Silicon: Microsystem Enabled Photovoltaics, Authors: Jose L. Cruz-Campa, Gregory N. Nielson, Paul J. Resnick, Carlos A. Sanchez, Peggy J. Clews, Murat Okandan, Vipin Gupta (Technical Paper, 408 KB)

PV System Modeling for Grid Planning Studies, Authors: A. Ellis, M. Behnke [BEW Engineering], C. Barker [SunPower Corporation] (Technical Paper, 374 KB)

Multi-PV Inverter Utility Interconnection Evaluations, Authors: Sigifredo Gonzalez, Michael Ropp [Northern Plains Power Technologies], Armando Fresquez, Michael Montoya, Nelson Opell (Technical Paper, 1 MB)

Photovoltaic DC Arc Fault Detector Testing at Sandia National Laboratories, Authors: Jay Johnson, Birger Pahl [Eaton Corporation], Charles Luebke [Eaton Corporation], Tom Pier [Eaton Corporation], Theodore Miller [Eaton Corporation], Jason Strauch, Scott Kuszmaul, Ward Bower (Technical Paper, 714 KB)

Transmission and Distribution Deferment using PV and Energy Storage, Authors: Mark Ralph, Abraham Elllis, Dan Borneo, Garth Corey, Sara Baldwin [Utah Clean Energy] (Technical Paper, 3 MB)

Successful Transfer of Sandia National Laboratories’ Outdoor Test Technology to TUV Rheinland Photovoltaic Testing Laboratory, Authors: Jennifer E. Granata, William E. Boyson, Jay A. Kratochvil, Bo Li [TUV Rheinland PTL], Venkata Abbaraju [TUV Rheinland PTL], GovindaSamy TamizhMani [TUV Rheinland PTL], Lawrence Pratt [CFV SolarTest Laboratory] (Technical Paper, 1 MB)

Performance Assessment Without Pyranometers: Predicting Energy Output Based on Historical Correlation, Authors: Anastasios Golnas, Joseph Bryan [SunEdison]; Robert Wimbrow [San Clemente, CA]; Clifford Hansen [Sandia National Laboratories]; Steve Voss [SunEdison] (Technical Paper, 211 KB)

Parameter Uncertainty in the Sandia Array Performance Model for Flat-Plate Crystalline Silicon Modules, Authors: Clifford Hansen, Joshua Stein, Steven Miller, William Boyson, Jay Kratochvil, David L. King (Technical Paper, 740 KB)

Assessment of a New Simulation Approach for Estimating PV Output Variability from Satellite Imagery, Authors: Clifford W. Hansen, Joshua S. Stein, Abraham Ellis, Carl Lenox [SunPower Corporation] (Technical Paper, 279 KB)

Improved Accuracy for Low-Cost Solar Irradiance Sensors, Authors: D. L. King, W.E. Boyson, B.R. Hansen, W.I. Bower (Technical Paper, 544 KB)

Evaluation of Photovoltaic System Power Rating Methods for a Cadmium Telluride Array, Authors: L. Nelson [First Solar], C. Hansen [Sandia National Laboratories] (Technical Paper, 514 KB)

Comparison of a Recurrent Neural Network PV System Model with a Traditional Component-Based PV System Model, Authors: Daniel Riley, Ganesh K. Venayagamoorthy [Missouri University of Science and Technology] (Technical Paper, 269 KB)

Estimating Annual Synchronized 1-Min Power Output Profiles from Utility-Scale PV Plants at 10 Locations in Nevada for a Solar Grid Integration Study, Authors: Joshua S. Stein, Clifford W. Hansen, Abraham Ellis, V. Chadliev [NV Energy] (Technical Paper, 554 KB)

Simulation of 1-Minute Power Output from Utility-Scale Photovoltaic Generation Systems, Authors: Joshua S. Stein, Clifford W. Hansen, Abraham Ellis, Vladimir Chadliev [NV Energy] (Technical Paper, 339 KB)

Utility-Scale Grid-Tied PV Inverter Reliability Workshop Summary Report, Authors: Stanley Atcitty, Jennifer E. Granata, Michael A. Quintana, Coryne A. Tasca [SRA International] (Technical Paper, 588 KB)

PV Performance Modeling Workshop Summary Report (1057 downloads) Evaluation of PV Performance Models and Their Impact on Project Risk (845 downloads) A Performance and Economic Analysis of Distributed Power Electronics in Photovoltaic Systems (487 downloads) Microfabrication of microsystem-enabled photovoltaic (MEPV) cells (834 downloads)

The Levelized Cost of Energy for Distributed PV: A Parametric Study, Authors: Christopher P. Cameron, Alan C. Goodrich [National Renewable Energy Laboratory] (Technical Paper, 159 KB)

Field Data Collection for Quantification of Reliability and Availability for Photovoltaic Systems, Authors: Elmer Collins, Jeff Mahn, Michael Mundt, Jennifer Granata, Michael Quintana (Technical Paper, 350 KB)

Back-Contacted and Small Form Factor GaAS Solar Cell, Authors: Cruz-Campa, J. L.; Nielson, G. N.; Okandan, M.; Wanlass, M. W. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory]; Sanchez, C. A.; Resnick. P. J.; Clews, P. J.; Pluym, T.; Gupta, V. P. ( Technical Paper, 1.7 MB)

Thin and Small Form Factor Cells: Simulated Behavior, Authors: Cruz-Campa, J. L.; Zubia, D. [University of Texas at El Paso]; Okandan, M.; Resnick. P. J.; Grubbs, R. K.; Clews, P.; Pluym, T.; Young, R.W.; Gupta, V. P.; Nielson, G. N. (Technical Paper, 551 KB)

PV Array Simulator Development and Validation, Authors: Sigifredo Gonzalez, Scott Kuszmaul, Don Deuel [Ametek Programmable Power], Roberto Lucca [Ametek Programmable Power] (Technical Paper, 170 KB)

Grid-Tied PV System Energy Smoothing, Authors: Thomas D. Hund, Sigifredo Gonzalez, Keith Barrett (Technical Paper, 331 KB)

Optimal Cell Connections for Improved Shading, Reliability, and Spectral Performance of Microsystem Enabled Photovoltaic (MEPV) Modules, Authors: Anthony L. Lentine, Gregory N. Nielson, Murat Okandan, William C. Sweatt, Jose L. Cruz-Campa, Vipin Gupta (Technical Paper, SAND Report 2010-3890A, 2 MB)

The Effect of Uncertainty in Modeling Coefficients Used to Predict Energy Production using the Sandia Array Performance Model, Authors: Larry Pratt, David L. King (Technical Paper, SAND Report 2010-4018A, 322 KB)

A Standardized Approach to PV System Performance Model Validation, Authors: Joshua S. Stein, Christopher P. Cameron, Ben Bourne [SunPower Corporation], Adrianne Kimber [First Solar], Jean Posbic [BP Solar], Terry Jester [Hudson Clean Energy Partners] (Technical Paper, 247 KB)

Impacts of Humidity and Temperature on the Performance of Transparent Conducting Zinc Oxide, Authors: Melissa A. Yaklin, Duane A. Schneider, Kirsten Norman, Jennifer E. Granata, Chad L. Staiger (Technical Paper, 121 KB)

Statistical Criteria for Characterizing Irradiance Time Series (924 downloads) Solar Energy Grid Integration Systems (SEGIS) Proactive Intelligent Advances for Photovoltaic Systems (7749 downloads)

Performance Model Assessment for Multi-Junction Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems, Authors: Christopher Cameron, Clark Crawford, James Foresi, David King, Robert McConnell, Dan Riley, Aaron Sahm, Joshua Stein (Technical Paper, SAND Report 2010-2005C, 144 KB)

A Reliability and Availability Sensitivity Study of a Large Photovoltaic System (2887 downloads) Accelerated Testing of Metal Foil Tape Joints and their Effect on Photovoltaic Module Reliability (1037 downloads) Validation of PV Performance Models Using Satellite-Based Measurements (1003 downloads) Lanai High-Density Irradiance Sensor Network for Characterizing Solar Resource Variability of MW-Scale PV System (paper) (1008 downloads) Lanai High-Density Irradiance Sensor Network for Characterizing Solar Resource Variability of MW-Scale PV System (941 downloads) Microoptics for High Efficiency Optical Performance and Simplified Tracking for Concentrated Photovoltaics (CPV) (1359 downloads) Reliability and Availability Analysis of a Fielded Photovoltaic System (1042 downloads) Multiple Junction Cell Characterization Using the LBIC Method: Early Results, Issues, and Pathways to Improvement (1295 downloads) Exploring Diagnostic Capabilities for Application to New Photovoltaic Technologies (1995 downloads) Exploring Diagnostic Capabilities for Application to New Photovoltaic Technologies (1072 downloads) LONG-TERM INVERTER OPERATION DEMONSTRATION AT SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES (954 downloads) Long-term Inverter Operation Demonstration at Sandia National Laboratories (presentation) (1024 downloads) Long-term performance and reliability assessment of 8 pv arrays At Sandia National Laboratories (presentation) (819 downloads) Long-term performance and reliability assessment of 8 pv arrays At Sandia National Laboratories (paper) (1277 downloads) Technology Development Need for Integrated Grid-Connected PV Systems and Electric Energy Storage (paper) (1503 downloads) Technology Development Need for Integrated Grid-Connected PV Systems and Electric Energy Storage (presentation) (745 downloads) Improved Test Method to Verify the Power Rating of a Photovoltaic (PV) Project (7489 downloads) Models Used to Assess the Performance of Photovoltaic Systems (945 downloads) Commanding Inverters to Establish Coordinated μGrid Functionality at Sandia National Laboratories (942 downloads)

Commanding Inverters to Establish Coordinated μGrid Functionality at Sandia National Laboratories, Authors: Scott S. Kuszmaul, Sigifredo Gonzalez, Abraham Ellis, Emanuel Serban (Presentation, SAND Report 2009-3508P, 5.19 MB)

Dual Focus Cassegrainian Module Can Achieve >45% Efficiency (1199 downloads) Quantifying the Effects of Averaging and Sampling Rates on PV System and Weather Data (paper) (1070 downloads) Quantifying the Effects of Averaging and Sampling Rates on PV System and Weather Data (presentation) (858 downloads) The Effect of Metal Foil Tape Degradation on the Long-term Reliability of PV Modules (1092 downloads)

N.R. Sorensen, M.A. Quintana, J.D. Puskar, S.J. Lucero, The Effect of Metal Foil Tape Degradation on the Long-term Reliability of PV Modules, (Presentation, SAND Report 2009-3415P, 1.32 MB)

Comparison of PV System Performance-Model Predictions with Measured PV System Performance (1291 downloads) Performance Model for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Inverters (1028 downloads) Photovoltaic Array Performance Model (1363 downloads) Power Where You Need It: The Promise of Photovoltaics (1646 downloads) The Solar Way: Photovoltaics on Indian Lands (1407 downloads) The Interconnection of Photovoltaic Power Systems with the Utility Grid: An Overview for Utility Engineers (2279 downloads) Solar Photovoltaics for Development Applications (2229 downloads) Water Pumping: The Solar Alternative (1355 downloads) The Interconnection Issues of Utility-Intertied Photovoltaic Systems (1237 downloads)