About MEPV

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories are pioneering solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies that are cheaper to produce and easier to install than traditional grid power and capable of producing clean, safe, and reliable electricity. These innovations can help accelerate the growth of PV as a mainstream power source in the United States and globally. One such innovation under development at Sandia is microsystems enabled photovoltaics (MEPV). MEPV concepts use microdesign and microfabrication techniques to produce miniaturized solar cells that are released into a solution similar to printing ink. This solution is then placed or ‘printed’ onto a low-cost substrate with embedded contacts and microlenses for focusing sunlight onto the cells. Sandia’s approach uses cells that are tiny in both thickness and lateral dimensions – as small as 14 microns thick and 250 microns wide. The thinness of the cells reduces material costs while enhancing cell performance by improving carrier collection and potentially achieving higher open circuit voltages. Sandia’s microsystems enabled PV advances combine mature technology and tools currently used in microsystem production with groundbreaking advances in photovoltaic cell design, decreasing production and system costs while improving energy conversion efficiency. The technology has potential applications in buildings, houses, clothing, portable electronics, vehicles, and other contoured structures.

Flexible MEPV

Flexible photovoltaic module draped over a probe tip.

Flexible photovoltaic devices consist of microscale photovoltaic cells that convert artificial or natural light into electricity. Like Georges Seurat’s pointillist paintings, the device can holds thousands of interconnected photovoltaic dots that are as small as the period at the end of this sentence. With such small components, the device can be bent or contoured to fit onto virtually any surface without cracking or breaking. This flexibility enables the device to be patterned aesthetically or blended inconspicuouslyinto buildings, vehicles, consumer electronics, and even the human body — providing electricity without human thought or attention. Like rigid formats, flexible photovoltaic devices generate electricity through the photovoltaic effect. When light shines on the microscale silicon dots, electrons are excited, flow into the underlying microwire circuit, and are collected at the terminals. The generated electricity can be used immediately to power things or stored in batteries for later use. Either way, the powering of almost anything becomes as simple as exposing it to light.

Flexible photovoltaic module with the distance between curved peaks being measured. The ruler unit is in centimeters.

Flexible photovoltaic module with the distance between curved peaks being measured. The ruler unit is in centimeters.

    Mechanical model of a flexible photovoltaic module. Each individual cell is hexagonal in shape.

Mechanical model of a flexible photovoltaic module. Each individual cell is hexagonal in shape.

    Four photovoltaic modules on a flexible substrate prior to cutting.

Four photovoltaic modules on a flexible substrate prior to cutting.

    LED device powered by flexible photovoltaic module. The module is made of 73 individual, microscale, crystalline silicon cells.

LED device powered by flexible photovoltaic module. The module is made of 73 individual, microscale, crystalline silicon cells.


MEPV Publications

Watch Sandia researcher Vipin Gupta discussing MEPV at the 2014 TEDxABQ.

MEPV at TEDxABQ intro (2)

Sandians Win ‘Best Paper’ Award at Photovoltaic Conference in Japan

A research team that included Sandians Clifford Hansen and Joshua Stein (in Sandia’s Photovoltaic & Distributed Systems Integration Dept.) and Katherine Klise (in Sandia’s Geotechnology and Engineering Dept.) received a Best Paper Award for their […]

Sandia Research on PV Arc-Fault Detection Submitted for US Patent

Sandia National Laboratories/Tigo Energy researchers recently submitted an application for a US patent related to research on arc-fault detection and circuit interruption in solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. Sandia’s patent-pending methods, filed as Identifying an Arc-Fault […]

PV Plant Performance Technical Briefing Published in PV Power Tech

The state of the art in PV system monitoring is relatively simplistic, relying either on comparisons of outputs between various parts of the system (e.g., inverters) or on an evaluation of a performance metric that normalizes […]

Price Premiums for Solar Home Sales

A Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) -led multi-institutional research team, with Sandia (Geoffrey Klise, in Sandia’s Earth Systems Analysis Dept., contributing the Sandia-developed PV Value whole-system appraisal tool, among other things), universities, and appraisers found […]