About MEPV

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories are pioneering solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies that are cheaper to produce and easier to install than traditional grid power and capable of producing clean, safe, and reliable electricity. These innovations can help accelerate the growth of PV as a mainstream power source in the United States and globally. One such innovation under development at Sandia is microsystems enabled photovoltaics (MEPV). MEPV concepts use microdesign and microfabrication techniques to produce miniaturized solar cells that are released into a solution similar to printing ink. This solution is then placed or ‘printed’ onto a low-cost substrate with embedded contacts and microlenses for focusing sunlight onto the cells. Sandia’s approach uses cells that are tiny in both thickness and lateral dimensions – as small as 14 microns thick and 250 microns wide. The thinness of the cells reduces material costs while enhancing cell performance by improving carrier collection and potentially achieving higher open circuit voltages. Sandia’s microsystems enabled PV advances combine mature technology and tools currently used in microsystem production with groundbreaking advances in photovoltaic cell design, decreasing production and system costs while improving energy conversion efficiency. The technology has potential applications in buildings, houses, clothing, portable electronics, vehicles, and other contoured structures.

Flexible MEPV

Flexible photovoltaic module draped over a probe tip.

Flexible photovoltaic devices consist of microscale photovoltaic cells that convert artificial or natural light into electricity. Like Georges Seurat’s pointillist paintings, the device can holds thousands of interconnected photovoltaic dots that are as small as the period at the end of this sentence. With such small components, the device can be bent or contoured to fit onto virtually any surface without cracking or breaking. This flexibility enables the device to be patterned aesthetically or blended inconspicuouslyinto buildings, vehicles, consumer electronics, and even the human body — providing electricity without human thought or attention. Like rigid formats, flexible photovoltaic devices generate electricity through the photovoltaic effect. When light shines on the microscale silicon dots, electrons are excited, flow into the underlying microwire circuit, and are collected at the terminals. The generated electricity can be used immediately to power things or stored in batteries for later use. Either way, the powering of almost anything becomes as simple as exposing it to light.

Flexible photovoltaic module with the distance between curved peaks being measured. The ruler unit is in centimeters.

Flexible photovoltaic module with the distance between curved peaks being measured. The ruler unit is in centimeters.

    Mechanical model of a flexible photovoltaic module. Each individual cell is hexagonal in shape.

Mechanical model of a flexible photovoltaic module. Each individual cell is hexagonal in shape.

    Four photovoltaic modules on a flexible substrate prior to cutting.

Four photovoltaic modules on a flexible substrate prior to cutting.

    LED device powered by flexible photovoltaic module. The module is made of 73 individual, microscale, crystalline silicon cells.

LED device powered by flexible photovoltaic module. The module is made of 73 individual, microscale, crystalline silicon cells.


MEPV Publications

Watch Sandia researcher Vipin Gupta discussing MEPV at the 2014 TEDxABQ.

MEPV at TEDxABQ intro (2)

Sandia to Discuss Energy-Storage Test Protocols at the European PV Solar Energy Conference

Researchers from Sandia will give a plenary talk on energy storage test protocols at the European PV Solar Energy Conference (EU PVSEC), to be held in September in Hamburg, Germany. Plenary presentations are given to […]

Two Sandians Honored in 2015 Hispanic Engineer of the Year Awards

On Friday, August 7th, Great Minds in STEM™ announced the 2015 class of Hispanic Engineer National Achievement Awards Conference (HENAAC) award winners. These phenomenal role models in science, technology, engineering and math will be honored […]

Sandian Contributes to Western Electricity Coordinating Council Photovoltaic Power Plant Model Validation Guideline

As part of the Western Electricity Coordinating Council’s (WECC’s) Modeling and Validation Work Group, Sandia researcher Ryan Elliott (in Sandia’s Electric Power Systems Research Dept.) recently contributed to an update to WECC’s Central Station Photovoltaic […]

Sandia Research on Rooftop Structural Strength Gains Attention

Two Sandia research reports, “Structural Code Considerations of Solar Rooftop Installations” and “Empirically Derived Strength of Residential Roof Structure for Solar Installations,” have been featured recently in a number of solar trade outlets.

The reports detail […]