Energy and Climate

Energy & Climate News

The CRF’s Turbulent Combustion Lab (TCL) Captures the Moment of Hydrogen Ignition

A principal challenge to deploying the hydrogen refueling infrastructure is the need to reduce risks to personnel and bystanders to an acceptable level—a task that requires quantifiable data on the safety envelope for hydrogen. Looking to provide that data, Combustion Research Facilty researchers Isaac Ekoto (Hydrogen and Combustion Technology Dept.) and Adam Ruggles (Reacting Flow [...]

Optimizing Engines for Alternative Fuels

At Sandia’s Alternative Fuels Direct-Injection Spark Ignition (DISI) Engine Lab, Combustion Research Facility researchers Magnus Sjöberg and Wei Zeng, together with Dave Reuss at the University of Michigan, are developing the fundamental understanding needed by industry to design and optimize engines for alternative fuels. The current focus is on flex-fuel engines that can run on [...]

One-Pot-to-Prep Biomass for Biofuels

Sandia researchers with the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) have reported the first demonstration of a one-pot, wash-free, process for the ionic liquid pretreatment and saccharification of switchgrass. Using an imidazolium-based ionic liquid pretreatment, the Sandia team was able to liberate 81.2% glucose and 87.4% xylose over the course of a 72 hour processing cycle at [...]

Motivating Business to Design a More Resilient Nation, One Building at a Time

Imagine a building resilient enough to allow people to continue their daily tasks even while an emergency is in progress. The self-­reliant building might have its own small electrical generating system to maintain lights, computers, and mobile communications during a power outage, compartmentalized clusters of rooms to prevent water damage in one sector from affecting [...]

Low-­Temperature Combustion Enables Cleaner, More Efficient Engines

  Combustion Research Facility lead author, Mark Musculus, along with Sandia researchers Paul Miles and Lyle Pickett, through their latest research paper, “Conceptual models for partially premixed low-temperature diesel combustion,” in Progress in Energy and Combustion Science hope to communicate the details of how LTC works to the broader engine research community. This research and [...]

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